Since the onset of Dutch elm disease, Green Ash has been over-planted in urban and conservation settings as a replacement for American Elm. Green Ash and Black Ash trees are preferentially attacked by the insects, followed by White Ash and Blue Ash. It's also used quite often to create sporting equipment such as oars, baseball bats and hockey sticks. The tree grows approximately 70 feet tall and can live for up to 100 years, however, 30-50 years is more common. In addition, inorganic compounds such as silicates, carbonates, and phosphates appear in the wood as "infiltrates" and result in ash as the wood … Additional water may reside in the lumina. The green ash (F. pennsylvanica) is widely planted as a street tree in the United States. Thus, it is a popular wood among woodworkers in North America and other areas of the world. A tutorial of how to tell the America's 3 most common Eastern Ash trees apart. So far the trees that will reach maturity in the next 1 – 30 years seem to be free from effects of the disease, so we have that to be thankful for at least. Ash wood is very much preferred by carpenters and craftsmen because of its flexibility, versatile properties and strength. Green Ash. It machines well, accepts stain and dye really well (if that is important to you) and is always available. This species grows to nearly 70 feet tall and can live for almost 100 years. Green ash, an ecologically and economically valuable tree species native to eastern and central North America, is under severe threat from the rapid invasion of emerald ash borer, a wood … Don’t buy firewood that's too long to fit easily inside your fireplace or fire pit. Besides strength, ash wood is almost entirely shock resistant. Fraxinus / ˈ f r æ k s ɪ n ə s /, English name ash, is a genus of flowering plants in the olive and lilac family, Oleaceae.It contains 45–65 species of usually medium to large trees, mostly deciduous, though a number of subtropical species are evergreen.The genus is widespread across much of Europe, Asia, and North America. Blue ash has a Janka rating of 2,030. Ash is a hard wood that has been frequently used for curved elements because it bends easily when steamed. Ash is also great for woodworking because of its flexibility and its ability to bend. The leaflets are long-pointed at the tip with a tapering base. Discovered in 2002 near Detroit, MIichigan, the boring beetle has spread through much of the northern ash range and threatens billions of ash trees. A recent newspaper article, “City, Fleming partner to address the Emerald Ash Borer and hazard trees” in Kawartha Lakes This Week (April 13, 2017), noted that, “If you have ash trees on your property that have been infested, it is best to destroy the wood”. Thanks to the ability of green ash trees to grow in a variety of soil conditions and challenging weather, it is one of the most common ash wood type found in the United States. Southern flannel moth caterpillars are teardrop-shaped, and, with their long, silky hairs, resemble a tuft of cotton or fur. Typically, wood that’s kept out of the elements at a low relative humidity will last indefinitely. Green ash, a member of the Olive or Oleaceae family, reaches heights between 60 and 70 feet, with an approximate 45- to 50-foot spread. It is also widely planted in Argentina. The confusion may stem from the fact that ash has roughly 33 percent moisture content. The white ash is the lightest option looking almost white in color. True ash trees all fall into the same genus called Fraxinus. Chestnut’s only good they say If long it’s laid away. Ash is also not resistant to insect attack. Ash is a hard wood that has been frequently used for curved elements because it bends easily when steamed. It's used to make floors, furniture, moldings and other wooden products. Black ash grows only in colder areas like USDA hardiness zones 2 through 6, while green ash has a much wider range, USDA zones 3 through 9. ... like this ash juniper post fence, gives a nice handmade look to a home landscape. If it’s more … It is a hardy tree resistant to many diseases, but has been recently attacked by the Emerald A… ft. COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: North America : BOTANICAL NAME: Fraxinus Americana : OTHER NAMES : White Ash, Green Ash, Red Ash, Black Ash, Brown Ash: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Naturally a moist bottomland or stream bank tree, it is hardy to climatic extremes and has been widely planted in the Plains States and Canada. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Currently the disease is found only in saplings, young vulnerable trees, not our more mature trees. The wood felt extremely light and dry. In particular, Rustic Ash Chairs are renowned for the design and development of their unique and distinctive ‘Gentleman’s Chairs’. Its also tied to many legends. Green Ash. Whether or not wood needs seasoning is rarely ever at issue with any other type of wood apart from ash. In addition, Ash produces minimal smoke, good quality coals, and is not too difficult to split when dry. But ash new or ash old, Is fit for a queen with a crown of gold. Elliot Walsh holds a B.S in Cell and Developmental Biology and a B.A in English Literature from the University of Rochester. It's Just a Guide. Green Ash and Black Ash trees are preferentially attacked by the insects, followed by White Ash and Blue Ash. The tree grows approximately 70 feet tall and can live for up to 100 years, however, 30-50 years is more common. Ash, also referred to as white ash, dimensional hardwood lumber is ready for your craftsmanship to be made into cabinets, furniture, trim, or your own special project. The strength and shock resistance of ash make it a preferred type of wood for woodworking. The name ash comes from the word spear, which could be a reference to its spear-shaped leaves or the fact that ancient peoples used the tree to make weaponry. The two most economically important species for wood production are white ash, in eastern North America, and European ash in Europe. It is a hardy tree resistant to many diseases, but has been recently attacked by the Emerald Ash Bore… The Green Ash is widely planted as a street tree in the United States. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Green Ash has excellent shock resistance, and along with hickory (Carya spp. Our foresters (and the greater UK forest industry) do not forsee a re… The green ash is one of the most common and abundant species of ash. Hockey sticks are traditionally made of ash because of the curve in the stick blade. The tree is used more for ornamental purposes and is not as popular for commercial purposes as the white ash. Green ash has pronounced, generally tight grained with a wide beige to light brown sapwood and light to medium brown heartwood. White ash grows from the East Coast through the Midwest of the United States and has a lighter heartwood color and wider-spaced growth rings than black ash, which has a slightly darker hardwood. A wood doesn't float, for example, if it's specific gravity is 1.00 or greater. Find Wood Density. The Ash is a material which was added in update V.0.1 to Green Hell. Sizes shown are net. The mature larva is 1 to 1 1/2 inches long with seven pairs of prolegs (suction-cup like claspers, on the rear half of the body). Glues, stains, and finishes well. Ash firewood is among the best types of firewood you can burn. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. It burns clean with no smoke and it throws few sparks. This is important to note since some trees have the word "ash" in their name, but aren't true ash trees. Lacking natural predators, uncontrolled populations of this invasive species spread very rapidly throughout North America, devastating local populations of ash trees. The main types of ash wood you will come across in building, construction and for general human use is wood from the white ash (Fraxinus americana) and the black ash (Fraxinus nigra).There are other species of ash tree as well, including European Ash (Fraxinus excelsior), Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia) and Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica). The big difference is their moisture content when "green" (unseasoned For example "green" White Ash contains only 13% moisture, unseasoned Green Ash = 25% moisture). The Green Ash is widely planted as a street tree in the United States. Ashes lack these conspicuous rays. Green Ash is one of a handful of species in the Fraxinus genus that are used as commercial lumber. Black ash is typically found from the East Coast up into Eastern Canada, and has a light- to medium-brown heartwood. Hockey sticks are traditionally made of ash because of the curve in the stick blade. Ash ranges from a creamy white to light gray-brown over its majority, with the heartwood showing as a rich, deep brown. This is unique to hardwood, especially ones as hard as ash. Green Ash Chairs offers courses both for beginners and seasoned craftspeople. The insects are responsible for the deaths of hundreds of millions of ash trees across the United States and Canada. Green lumber will weigh significantly more than kiln dried boards due to its higher density. Their color varies from yellow or gray to reddish-brown, or a mixture of colors. White Ash vs Green Ash. Ash is a hardwood which means it will burn hotter and will provide the most heat for the weight. From what I can tell most of the trim( windows, doors and baseboards) and doors are made of Ash. Our lumber pricing is based on board feet (BF). Unless there was some sort of pre-existing weakness in the wood, such as a knot, the failure may be due to some sort of fungal decay. Since the onset of Dutch elm disease, Green Ash has been over-planted in urban and conservation settings as a replacement for American Elm. Green lumber will weigh significantly more than kiln dried boards due to its higher density. A BF is a unit of measure that is equal to 1 inch by 12 inches by 1 foot. Logs of birch wood burn to fast, There’s a fire that will not last. Odor: Gives off a distinct, moderately unpleasant smell when being worked. You calculate BF just like you write a standard board, then divide that by 12. It has strength/mechanical properties that are very close to the related White Ash (Fraxinus americana) and is frequently mixed and sold as “White Ash.”. Green ash is characterized by having opposite, pinnately compound leaves with 5 to 9 leaflets (usually 7). The overall color and tone of the wood are fairly light, without the pink or red tones of red oak or the blandness of maple. The moisture content of green wood … Green ash wood, because of its strength, hardness, high shock resistance, and excellent bending qualities, is used in specialty items such as tool handles and baseball bats but is not as desirable as white ash. The tree is used more for ornamental purposes and is not as popular for commercial purposes as the white ash. Hi, my house is 96 years old and I live in Kitchener Ontario, Canada. It is very popular due to its good form and resistance to disease. White ash prefers better-drained sites with more fertile soil, but the two species often occur in the same habitat. White ash is Fraxinus americana and green ash is Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marshall. Ash is up there with the best of woods for your fire or wood burner as it's one of the densest of the hardwood logs. If you require a hardwood species not listed, or to purchase lengths longer than 12' please call us at 1-800-732-1697 or email. Often mistaken for the white ash, the green ash has many of the same characteristics. Ash is commonly used in construction of furniture, cabinets, flooring, millwork and moldings. Yes, our poor old Fraxinus Excelsior trees are under attack from tree disease, Chalara Fraxinea. he beetles’ larvae bore into a tree and feed on the inner bark, eventually killing the entire tree. Ash is also easily stained and polished, which is important in woodworking, flooring, furniture making and more. Additionally, its sapwood is pale to white. Big Wood. We display the specific gravity for each of our woods using it's kiln-dried measurement (instead of the non-dried measurement). Norse mythology refers to it as The World Tree and claims the first man came from ash and burning ash as a Yule log assures a prosperous year ahead. Yggdrasil dice would make an … The trees grow in cool and warm climates, on moist, well drained soil, and in areas that provide enough direct sunlight. White ash is rated at 1,320 and green ash at 1,200. White ash has widely spaced tree rings and black ash has darker rings closer together, which adds a different sort of look to furniture and flooring depending on which type of ash chosen during construction. Wood also contains measurable quantities of organic "extractives" such as such as terpenes, resins, and polyphenols such as tannins, sugars, and oils. Ash has a hardness rating of 1200 (most scales generally agree, but sometimes they may be slightly different in number). At maturity, it will reach a height of 35 to 45 feet with a … Do you think that it’s possible that the wood has been exposed to prolonged periods of high relative humidity (over 70%)? Natural wood is a lovely choice for adding warmth and texture to garden structures like raised beds, fences, decks and trellises. In many instances, knowing the geographic source of the wood will help differentiate these species, (with the exception of Green Ash, which has a natural range that largely overlaps that of White Ash). (See notes on the emerald ash borer in the comments section below.). Allergies/Toxicity: Ash in the Fraxinus genus has been reported to cause skin irritation, and a decrease in lung function. Often, increased density and hardness of wood also increases the weight of the wood. Color/Appearance: The heartwood is a light to medium brown color. The wood of green ash is used for baseball bats, tennis rackets, tool handles, oars and picture frames. Recently I was having work done on the house and a worrker went through a stair. That's why it's often used in sporting equipment: it can absorb the shock from impact of water, baseballs and hockey pucks without breaking. Ash is a popular and durable wood for furniture projects, and it takes stains and other finishing products well. Ash wood is a pale tan color with a tight, consistent grain. These indistinguishable species include: European Ash (Fraxinus excelsior), Oregon Ash (F. latifolia), and Green Ash (F. pennsylvanica). Find Wood Density. Ash dominated material, generally cut at 2.3 metre lengths; Sycamore and birch dominated material, cut at 2.3 and 3 metre lengths; Oak, cut to 2.3 metres; Mixed species, generally cut to 2.3 metres; Freshly cut material (green) and seasoned material is often available. Green ash is often planted in spoil banks after strip mining has been completed. Ash is a great firewood and also used for baseball bats and other sports equipment such as tennis racquets, hockey sticks, bowling alley floors and polo mallets. Norse mythology refers to it as The World Tree and claims the first man came from ash and burning ash as a Yule log assures a prosperous year ahead. It is very popular due to its good form and resistance to disease. Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) General Description A hardy, native, drought and alkali resistant medium to large tree. The lowest Janka rating for an ash wood is black ash at 850. It has a high heat output of 24.2 million BTUs per cord of seasoned wood. There are other species of ash tree as well, including European Ash (Fraxinus excelsior), Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia) and Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica). It is a worry for all of us. Grain/Texture: Has a medium to coarse texture similar to oak. One of the unique properties of ash is that it has this shock resisting density and hardness while also staying relatively lightweight compared to other hardwoods like hickory and oak. It is also being widely used in revegetation of spoil banks created from strip mining (25). The compound leaves of green ash emerge late in the spring and are pale yellow-green before becoming medium to dark green. The trouble with this number is that the specific gravity of a wood … See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Finish coverage information: The calculator above is for general estimates and is a good indicator for most finishes.However, it is worth noting that Absolute Matt requires 2 coats and the coverage is 14m² per litre per coat. 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