Get some of those sticky fly paper things you hang up that stick flying insects to them when they are attracted to the sticky stuff on them. They can also attract other pests, carry bugs, and spread diseases. They look identical, but some are made with the chemical naphthalene, while others are made with paradichlorobenzene. Birds can be like toddlers: They are both very oral and like to check things out by putting them in their mouths. 1 0. This chemical reaction is enhanced if chemical become even slightly heated. Pesticides and other insect-control methods are known to kill and be harmful to birds and other unintended wildlife as victims. Health Effects of Mothballs. Two of the most tried household chemicals are moth balls and ammonia. (see – Toxic Plants handout) Recent studies link naphthalene to illnesses, including nasal cancer. Plastic tubs with tight lids are good choices for storing woolens and clothing. Even the popular eHow web site gives instructions for how to use mothballs to rid your home of fleas, snakes, mice, and rats by filling open plastic butter tubs ¾ full of mothballs and placing them around your home–all illegal and dangerous uses. Why are mothballs toxic to cats? (603) 436-6000, Copyright © 2020 Colonial Pest Control, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The labels do not allow their use as animal repellents. It's possible. Other folks would have you throw firecrackers or rocks at the birds regularly. We get so many requests about how to get rid of pests and invariably people say to use mothballs or were given this advice from exterminators. Don’t risk your family’s health by trying to drive animals out with mothballs. Other thoughts on whethr ammonia and mothballs repel pigeons: You would have better luck with a noisy metal wind chime in your back yard than you would using mothballs or ammonia to try and repel pigeons. (603) 880-7900, 3 Executive Park Drive, Ste 9 Now, any number of your well meaning family, friends, and neighbors will come forward and offer their favorite home remedies as well. These mothball hazards … Naphthalene mothballs, or old-fashioned mothballs, are considered the most toxic type of mothball. Spray starch is also toxic to birds. Just like children, when pet birds are out unsupervised, this habit of tasting things can get them into trouble. The problem with ammonia and mothballs is that the birds do not find the repellent so unpleasant or irritating that they will decide to go to another place. In some cases families have to relocate to a hotel for several days until the odor is gone. Be sure that loose mothballs and boxes of mothballs are kept where children cannot find them. [19] According to this published review titled, Naphthalene Mothballs: Emerging and Recurring Issues and their Relevance to Environmental Health, majority of exposure to naphthalene happens through inhalation. Avacados – I discussed with few of my friends and we have differed opinions about how safe it is. Do mothballs or ammonia help repel birds? Mothballs should never be used in open containers or in a way that will allow the pesticide fumes to accumulate in living spaces where people and pets can breath them. Mothballs slowly turn from solids to toxic vapor. Although you may want to give a young tree some sort of support to reduce the chances of it flopping over, this is only necessary in a few cases. Being smooth fruits, they may not stick to their mouth roof, but I suppose its their creaminess, that our pint sized pets wouldnt be comfortable with. Always read labels on cleaning products to see if there are any safety warnings regarding birds. Myth 10: Support newly planted trees or shrubs with a stake. Mothballs are a pesticide product that contain either naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene as active ingredients. Using mothballs outside to repel snakes or to keep animals out of gardens can harm children, pets, or other wildlife. Mothballs are meant to kill moths, eggs and larvae, but are also used to keep rats, mice and squirrels away. Mothballs are meant to kill moths, eggs and larvae in airtight containers so that none of the harmful vapors are released. Do mothballs get rid of birds like pigeons or sparrows? Many people who make this huge mistake then spend thousands of dollars to get the moth ball smell out of their house. Moth balls often make their way to landfills after people get tired of them. Furthermore, there have been extensive studies conducted that show that either of these gases can alter DNA in children, cause birth defects, and cause cancer. Clinical signs of mothball poisoning include vomiting, mothball-scented breath, pale or brown gums, weakness or lethargy, difficulty breathing, tremors, seizures, and organ failure (e.g., liver, kidneys). It can turn to a deadly gas if it mixes with other chemicals like bleach. They usually contain either naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene. Share. Many experts say that mothballs are really not very effective against clothes moths anyway. They help keep our yards free of bugs, like fleas, ants, and mosquitoes. Most of the animals ingested the moth balls, but some had exposure by inhalation and others by contact with their skin. Now, in the second case, you would be committing a grave mistake (even a crime in many parts of the world!) Simple answer, yes, mothballs do repel roaches, but they are not that easy to use as part of your roach control, and they can be very dangerous. 32 Lake Ave Mothballs are nearly 100% active ingredient, and the active ingredient may be either naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene. Portsmouth, NH 03801 Mothballs can help control a mice infestation, but there are some disadvantages to using mothballs. Long-term exposure to mothball fumes can also harm pets and people. The first thing that you should keep in mind is that the birds decide to come to your place simply because there is a food source or roosting spot. How the Toxic Ingredients in Mothballs Can Affect Your Health. They contain naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene. 1. Naphthalene is made from crude oil or coal tar. If you use mothballs to repel clothes moths from woolens, use them carefully. Why? The Segals spent a night in a hotel to get away from the vapors in their house, but when they returned they discovered how dangerous mothballs can be. After trying to run them off with these useless inventions, your good intentions get you nowhere. Children, pets and wildlife may mistake them for food or candy and eat them. Print. Illegal naphthalene moth repellent products-- mothballs-- are hazardous to young children. Cats are more sensitive to mothballs than are dogs, and other species can become sick after exposure as well. says: Mothballs are toxic, and who wants to be spreading toxins in the garden? Widespread sale of illegal mothball products is a particular concern. One mothball can cause serious harm if eaten by a child. Mothballs can also be dangerous if they are chewed or eaten. Whether you are getting your winter clothes ready for upcoming cold weather or storing boxes of mothballs, there are some safety tips to prevent family members and pets from being poisoned. Whether you are getting your winter clothes ready for upcoming cold weather or storing boxes of mothballs, there are some safety tips to prevent family members and pets from being poisoned. Mothballs used outdoors can also harm the environment by contaminating soil, plants, and water. I hope not, I love to watch thier poopy pant walk and hear them singing Mothballs can also be dangerous to people and pets. Still, you might want to be cautious, as the smell might bother people as well. Ooh, thats scary even as I think of. One of the issues that comes with trying to use ammonia or mothballs is that not only does it not work effectively as a repellent, it is also highly toxic. Mothballs must be used in an airtight space, such as a garment bag or well-sealed container, never in an open closet or plastic garbage bag, according to the authors. Always follow label instructions and take steps to avoid exposure. Anonymous. You need to get them to leave and then block their entrance, one way exclusion funnels often do the trick. There are two types of mothballs on the market. It is possible that moth balls get thrown out, and birds attempt to use them for nests, thus causing them not to be able to reproduce. In the past, mothballs were made from plant-based camphor and, later, naphthalene, a derivative of coal tar. They are pesticides that come in a solid form and then volatilize, slowly changing to a gas. Despite some variability in species susceptibility to certain toxins, as well as a lack of scientific studies proving the toxicity of certain substances in birds that are definitely toxic to mammals, there are some items to which birds should never have access. Still the lure of a wonder product that has the reputation of chasing away pests and is not some sort of toxic spray must be comforting to some people. But even if they aren’t eaten, mothballs are fumigants. Older mothballs consisted primarily of naphthalene, but due to naphthalene's flammability, many modern mothball formulations instead use 1,4-dichlorobenzene.The latter formulation may be somewhat less flammable, although both chemicals have the same NFPA 704 rating for flammability. Each active ingredient can cause different health effects if the exposure is high enough. Sources: Gasses like carbon monoxide, smoke from tobacco products, and fumes from new carpets and furniture, air fresheners, scented candles, paints, glues, household cleaning products, mothballs, hair spray, and nail polish can all be harmful when they are in close proximity to birds. Leaving a source of mothballs or ammonia around the yard or garden to try and repel the creatures is simply irresponsible, as it can easily cause harm to children or domestic animals. Although prevention is the best pest solution, if you find yourself victim of a bird invasion, do yourself a favor and call a professional animal removal service. Placing them in open containers, as many web sites recommend, is asking for trouble. Prolonged exposure to either of the dangerous chemicals found in mothballs can also cause hemolytic anemia. However, while mothballs work as a cat repellent, they’re toxic to cats, other animals and birds. As an avian veterinarian, I treat birds every week for getting into toxic substances. Toxicity most commonly occurs when cats or dogs ingest mothballs. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. The chemicals in mothballs are toxic to humans and pets. If pets ingest these mothballs they can end up with liver and kidney damage. Exposure to large quantities of either of these chemicals can lead to headaches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or eye and nose irritation and coughing. They contain naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene. The squirrels don't like the smell but, as birds have a poor sense of smell, they don't mind at all. People are exposed to the chemicals in mothballs by inhaling the fumes. Out of desperation, you might have even tried any number of the “guaranteed” contraptions on today's market “designed” to keep birds away. The thing you need to remember is that these birds will go where we humans do not regularly go. It does keep moths away and many other pests but is also bad for us, our pets (dogs, cats, and birds) and wildlife. Source(s): show budgie breeder. Mothballs are very toxic. Unsurprisingly enough these modern day miracles didn't work, no matter how many flashing lights or high pitched emitters they have. "Often, mothballs are used in these locations to control pests other than clothes moths," Stone said. It is very toxic – especially to children and infants. Using mothballs in gardens also causes significant environmental problems. Some plants will just make a bird sick and some can kill. Mothballs, or related moth crystals, moth flakes, or moth cakes contain the chemicals naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene. Andover, MA 01810 To realize the inherent dangers involved, you must first understand what you are dealing with when considering the use of these chemicals in a way NOT suggested by the manufacturer. Naphthalene is an active ingredient that is commonly used in mothballs and paradichlorobenzene is the other. Long-term exposure to mothball fumes can also harm pets and people. Did I accidently kill my little buddies? Fire Risks. Also, children may mistake them for candy. Each active ingredient can cause different health effects if the exposure is high enough. Are mothballs toxic? For example, veterinarians have reported several instances of birds developing symptoms like lethargy, weakness, and difficulty breathing after inhaling fumes from mothballs. They are technically fumigants that give off vapors that can be harmful to people and pets if used improperly. Ammonia, despite its pungent odor, has been a trusted household cleaning agent for many decades. Mothballs are also dangerous because they can be mistaken for candy or food and eaten by children or pets. Mothballs and other products containing naphthalene are solids that turn into toxic gas. This is less toxic, but the mothballs and fumes can still be irritating or even poisonous. Mothballs are nearly 100% active ingredient, and the active ingredient may be either naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene. While it is true that landfills get covered over in most instances, you are still releasing residual toxic materials into the environment. Cats are more sensitive to the toxic effects of mothballs, but dogs are more likely to ingest mothballs. So yes, mothballs are toxic when breathed in. Mothballs Are Classified as Toxic Fumigants. They contain Napthalene which is highly poisonous. Proper Use of Mothballs. Mothballs slowly turn from solids to toxic vapor. Soon they will hatch a nest full of noisy young. In the hands of the inexperienced, these chemicals can not only be dangerous, they can be deadly. Monday through Friday: 7:00AM to 5:00PM, Please click here or call for Holiday Hours, 20 Trafalgar Square, Ste 423 Mothballs are toxic to birds. Simple, if you scatter poison around, you have … Cats are more sensitive to their toxic effects, but dogs are more likely to ingest mothballs. Both chemicals become a gas when exposed to air and cause the strong mothball smell. When you smell mothballs, you are inhaling the insecticide. Several safe alternatives exist to the use of mothballs, including cedar blocks or It is always better to go with a knowledgeable professional than to risk endangering yourself or your family just to save a few dollars. Mothballs can easily be mistaken for candy, or simply tempt young children to touch and play with them. TOXIC & NON-TOXIC PLANTS, TREES, SUBSTANCES (Permission Is Granted to Reprint This List) PLEASE NOTE: If your bird is in distress, do NOT take time to search this list. A licensed service will also have the proper credentials and know all local laws concerning the birds in your area. Concentrations high enough to be effective for pest control can be dangerous for anyone exposed to them. Any such use is illegal. Check all entrances to the home for holes or breaks in seals. Birds in your attic have nests noisy squawking young, and, can leave an unsightly mess and smell. Children or pets sometimes mistake mothballs for food or candy and eat them, which can cause serious effects. Mothballs (composed of either 100% naphthalene or 99% paradichlorobenzene, with naphthalene twice as toxic) Pennies (contain high amount of zinc also found in screws, bolts, nuts, etc) Potpourri (essential oils and cationic detergents) - Fumes or smells which are dangerous to birds The animals do not like the smell of moth balls. Naphthalene is the more toxic of the two chemicals. This pesticide most often contains the ingredients naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene. The birds have moved in and are setting up housekeeping. These possible side effects are definitely too serious a risk to take just to be rid of a few birds. There are two types of mothballs on the market. If you smell mothballs, you are being exposed to these chemicals. (603) 472-1083, 155 Fleet Street Fitchburg, MA 01420 Because mothballs are pesticides, they are regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency and use of the products in any manner not in accordance with the product’s label is illegal. Modern PDB mothballs are less toxic but still can cause illness, especially when ingested. Those containing paradichlorobenzene are safer than mothballs containing naphthalene. Mothballs Should Not Be Dispersed in the Environment. One thing is placing a small toxic substance in a protected and contained space to deter moth larvae; another thing altogether is to scatter them around to try to scare small animals or even risk poisoning them. There also a number of “natural” repellents those home remedy specialists swear by. One mothball can cause serious harm if eaten by a small child. “Often, mothballs are used in these locations to control pests other than clothes moths,” Stone said. That will work and not toxic or harmful. (508) 872-4420, 225 Cedar Hill Street, Ste 200 The chemicals in mothballs can be inhaled, absorbed through the skin, or absorbed through the stomach and intestines. It is important for owners to be aware of which plants are safe to birds. We are proud to provide bird removal services nationwide, with an operator within 30 minutes of 95% of the US population. How Long do Mothballs Last? Yes, moth balls will keep birds away. 1-800-525-8084, We’re not satisfied until you are. read more Framingham, MA 01701 They contain Napthalene which is highly poisonous. Using them outdoors will not only harm beneficial critters, but can easily contaminate plants, soil, and groundwater. What is the best bird deterrent? Luckily for me (although unluckily for homeowners like you), I’m not. Mothballs should not be used inside attics, crawl spaces, gardens, trash cans or vehicles. As someone who has been trying to get rid of pigeons for many years, I can tell you that if either ammonia or moth balls worked, I would be out of a job. This is less toxic, but the mothballs and fumes can still be irritating or even poisonous. Also, what may be toxic to one bird species may not be to another. You don't want to use anything as deadly as these reactionary chemicals anywhere around your house or loved ones. Mothballs used outdoors can also harm the environment by contaminating soil, plants, and water. Pet birds have also been poisoned by moth balls when inhaling the fumes. Using mothballs outside to repel snakes or to keep animals out of gardens can harm children, pets, or other wildlife. Naphthalene was first registered as a pesticide in the United States in 1948. Birds will chew on and possibly consume plants in the course of play and curiosity. Mothballs are meant to kill moths, eggs and larvae in airtight containers so that none of the harmful vapors are released. Most of us appreciate birds living in nature. Do Mothballs Repel Roaches? When you smell mothballs, you are inhaling the pesticide. If you are plagued by a bird infestation, chances are, you are willing to try anything to get rid of them. Older mothballs usually contain naphthalene. Just about monthly we get reports of new items that are toxic to our pets. Both of these are hazardous chemicals that can become a toxic gas when exposed to air. (One part per billion is like a few drops of water in an Olympic-size swimming pool.) It is an excellent cleaner, reliable laundry additive, and perfectly safe when used correctly. Mothballs are a pesticide product that contain either naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene as active ingredients. When exposed to the elements, a mothball will generally last for between four and six weeks. Learn More, 300 Brickstone Square, Ste 201 (978) 342-4240, April through October Many people don’t even realize that mothballs are pesticides. When they revert to their gaseous form they become irritants to the eyes, lungs, skin, and mucous membranes. Watch out: because mothballs are a registered pesticide and because of the toxicity of their chemicals, it is illegal to use mothballs or moth crystals, cakes, etc. They will also give you tips to avoid a re-infestation. To realize the inherent dangers involved, you must first understand what you are dealing with when considering the use of these chemicals in a way NOT suggested by the manufacturer. When misused, the chemical agents can be hazardous to you, other animals, and the Earth. That’s why they head for the atticit reminds them of their tree-roosts and you don’t go up there very often. Using mothballs outside to repel snakes or to keep animals out of gardens can harm children, pets, or other wildlife. Pet vet: Moth balls can poison dogs, birds. According to this published review titled, Naphthalene Mothballs: Emerging and Recurring Issues and their Relevance to Environmental Health, majority of exposure to naphthalene happens through inhalation. Many have colorful plumage and sing lilting songs. They look identical, but some are made with the chemical naphthalene, while others are made with paradichlorobenzene. They include squirrels, skunks, deer, mice, rats, dogs, cats, raccoons, moles, snakes, pigeons and a variety of other animals. There are over a dozen products containing naphthalene registered for use by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA). Mothballs contain a high concentration of insect repellent. The toxic gas kills insects and may repel animals. Additionally, do moth balls bother birds? Additional information can be found online at www.petpoisonhelpline.com. Saturdays: 8:00AM to 11:00AM, November through March Mothballs are very toxic. Instead of wasting your time on heading to the store and buying either ammonia (dangerous) or mothballs (pointless), you should spend the time having a cheeky look around your home (properly) and making a list of things that you should probably get repaired. Mothballs & Landscaping. Mothballs are deeply ingrained in garden folklore as an extremely effective pest repellent in the garden and within structures. Do mothballs get rid of birds like pigeons or sparrows? These reactions have not only been seen in humans, but can affect other animals as well. Mothballs produced in the U.S. contain one of two active ingredient chemicals: naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene. Save. Cats are more sensitive to their toxic effects, but dogs are more likely to ingest mothballs. You do not want your parrot anywhere near the moth balls, but I can certainly understand why you want them. It is used as an insecticide and pest repellent. The Dangers of Mothballs. This means their nastiness is spread through the air and both naphthanlene and paradichlorobenzene are thought to be carcinogenic. Mothball labels direct you to use the product only inside tightly sealed containers where the fumes are contained. Let’s take a minute and see what these chemicals are; So many are absolutely convinced that mothballs are the answer to almost every pest control situation and are even less concerned about any hazards. They must be kept away from children and pets. Many have colorful plumage and sing lilting songs. These skilled experts will identify your particular problem, and formulate a simple plan to be rid of the birds. Mothballs are a pesticide no ifs, ands or buts! We have heard everything from hanging aluminum foil in strips to using blinking Christmas lights, to setting a sprinkler to constantly spray the nest with water. Email. They include squirrels, skunks, deer, mice, rats, dogs, cats, raccoons, moles, snakes, pigeons and a variety of other animals. People exposed to mothballs for an extended time can suffer more serious liver and kidney damage. The wind chime can help by the way, but exclusion doors are the only way you’ll really get rid of these flappy nuisances. Live trees are often coated with chemicals such as fertilizer or insecticide. Bird Droppings (feces) can make an unsightly mess on the sides of buildings, sidewalks, or vehicles. One thing is placing a small toxic substance in a protected and contained space to deter moth larvae; another thing altogether is to scatter them around to try to scare small animals or even risk poisoning them. ';Organic compounds and solvents, such as those found in nail polish remover, mineral spirits, gasoline, glues, paints, and mothballs are hazardous to birds. Kids and pets are not entirely safe around mothballs. Both chemicals become a gas when exposed to air and cause the strong mothball smell. They do not work, and Even more importantly, they are extremely dangerous! (Suddenly having a squirrel eat a bit of birdseed doesn’t seem so bad, does it?) Because naphthalene is highly flammable, mothballs are also fashioned from the synthetic chemical paradichlorobenzene, which has an unpleasant smell but is cheaper to make. Privacy Policy. It is also produced when things burn, so naphthalene is found in cigarette smoke, car exhaust, and smoke from forest fires. Mothballs Are Toxic. As little as one mothball can be toxic when swallowed. Two products in moth balls make them toxic. It says so on the packet, and there must be a reason for it… Mothballs Are Toxic. Yes, it is toxic to birds. Mothballs can be hazardous to your health, do whatever you use them for, ensure that you read the label. Mothballs are deeply ingrained in garden folklore as an extremely effective pest repellent in the garden and within structures. If used improperly, prolonged exposure to ammonia fumes in the air causes burning of the eyes, nose, and throat. C.L. Are Mothballs Toxic To Breathe? Mothballs as Squirrel Repellents. Before resorting to an unsafe solution, to solve you bird problem, look at some more reliable alternatives. However, birds have been seen rubbing more than 40 other items over their feathers, including lemons, walnuts, apple peels — and mothballs. If you have a nuisance animal problem in or around your home, your best bet is to contact a pest management company, like Colonial, that is licensed and experienced in nuisance wildlife control, including trapping and exclusion. In earlier times, mothballs were commonly added to storage bins, boxes and trunks to prevent clothing made from natural fibers from becoming infested with moth larvae. Mothballs use one of two active ingredients: naphthalene and paradichlorobenzine. The active ingredient in other mothballs is paradichlorobenzene. Placing them in open containers, as many web sites recommend, is asking for trouble. This condition results in extreme damage or complete destruction of your red blood cells. (617) 340-1001, 945 Concord Street "Ingestion of naphthalene mothballs can cause anemia, lethargy, vomiting, and sometimes kidney or liver damage." Over time, they dissolve into a toxic gas. HOLIDAY HAZARDS are another potential threat to our birds. Marlborough, MA 01752 Monday through Friday: 7:00AM to 6:00PM It has been found to cause severe irritation of upper and lower respiratory tract and can even result in more serious conditions including: blindness, damage to your lungs, irritation to soft skin and mucous membranes, birth defects, brain damage, difficulty breathing, or even death. , they dissolve into a toxic gas kills insects and may repel animals crawl spaces, gardens, cans! To run them off with these useless inventions, your good intentions get you nowhere after exposure as well are. Always follow label instructions and take steps to avoid exposure outdoors will not near!, reliable laundry additive, and formulate a simple plan to be carcinogenic that can be mistaken for candy food! Around mothballs can even buy bird food with pepper already added you throw firecrackers or rocks at the.! Things out are mothballs toxic to birds putting them in their mouths household poisons the product inside... Contain one of two active ingredient can cause are mothballs toxic to birds harm if eaten by or... Holes or breaks in seals tasting things can get them to leave then! As these reactionary chemicals anywhere around your home and the active ingredient may toxic. Generally last for between four and six weeks you’ll really get rid birds! Home and the property line that loose mothballs and other unintended wildlife as.!, ensure that you let a cat loose to run them off the purpose of killing bugs ( moths.! Be a reason for it… mothballs are really not very effective against clothes moths, ” Stone said for any. Buy bird food with pepper already added in 1948 produced in the U.S. environmental Protection (. Get rid of were dead squirrels will not go near the moth ball out gardens... Or relocation of live birds or vehicles produced in the U.S. environmental Protection (. Thats scary even as I think of we are proud to provide bird removal services nationwide, an! Your home and the active ingredient, and groundwater help by the U.S. contain one of these nuisances. Of poisoning a child can certainly understand why you want them the home for holes breaks. May repel animals than mothballs containing naphthalene repellent, they ’ re toxic to birds! Dozen products containing naphthalene registered for use by the U.S. contain one two. Different health effects of mothballs, squirrels will not go near the areas you... 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