Allow time for rain or irrigation to settle the soil, and roll or cultipack lightly to firm the soil before planting seed, sprigs, plugs, or sod. As your grass grows, it helps the environment by stabilizing soil and reducing air pollution, noise, heat, dust, and glare. Chemicals should be applied when the pest is most susceptible. The homeowner should cut often enough that less than one-third of the total leaf surface is removed. Warm-season grasses can be installed as long as soil temperature exceeds 55°F. Coring will alleviate this condition. Generally, late winter or spring seeding of these grasses is not recommended. Read our Thus hot weather … Some common examples of starter type fertilizers required for a 1,000 sq ft area include 40 pounds of 5-10-10, 20 pounds of 10-20-20, or 16 pounds of 18-24-6. Pre-emergence herbicides, such as siduron (Tupersan) and bensulide (Betasan), can be applied for annual weedy grass control after sodding cool- and warm-season grasses. Avoid stretching sod. Plant development at or near the soil surface that results in lateral spreading by rhizomes, stolons, or both. Use a plugging device to remove plugs of soil from bare areas, and switch them with plugs collected from healthy areas. The schedule for planting grass depends on what kind of grass you're planting. Bermudagrass is well adapted to sandy soils. Warm-season grasses can be fertilized every four weeks until coverage is complete. For vegetatively planted warm-season grasses: Fertilize throughout the first growing season to encourage faster spread. Most homeowners bag lawn clippings because they think that the clippings add to the buildup of thatch, which can be harmful to the lawn. Tall fescue is best adapted to the mountains and piedmont but can be successfully maintained on the heavy silt loams in the coastal plain. Creeping grasses spread by stolons or rhizomes. They should not be used in the coastal plain. Here are the methods most useful in lawn areas: Space planting is the planting of separate shoots or sprigs (runners, cuttings, or stolons) at regular spacings. For Upper Midwest lawns, mid-August may bring ideal conditions. Cool-season grasses are best seeded in early fall, but fair results may be obtained from seeding in early spring (mid-February to late March in the piedmont). Find your region in the map in Figure 1. Therefore, 6.25 pounds of fertilizer per 1,000 square feet will deliver 1 pound of nitrogen. The portion of a grass plant that includes the stem apex, unelongated internodes, and lower nodes from which secondary roots begin. Cool-season grasses, for example, which are usually grown in the Mountains region, are best … Commercially available green pigments or colorants can be used to “paint” the turfgrass green. Noted for tolerance to shade, drought, and poor soil conditions compared to other cool-season grasses, fine fescues are sometimes included with tall fescue or Kentucky bluegrass when planted in the shade or subject to low maintenance. Planting calendar for Wilmington, North Carolina. They may not persist in sunny locations exposed to high temperature extremes, excessive soil moisture or humidity, or heavy traffic. 1 If … Use a seeding rate of 6 pounds per 1,000 square feet (sq ft). The plant is unharmed by consistent mowing as long as stubble is left 3 to 4 inches (7.5-10 cm.) To reap the rewards of a handsome lawn, take great care in the selection, establishment, maintenance, and renovation of your lawn grass. Coastal plain areas would be seeded two weeks earlier, whereas the mountain areas would be seeded two weeks later. Rake, bag, and remove the clippings when mowing is delayed. If pesticides are used, always read and follow label directions. Seeding beyond these dates increases the chance of failure caused by winter injury. NC State University and NC This is an excellent way to introduce a more adapted lawn grass into an old lawn in an effort to replace old grass by crowding out. For more specific maintenance information on your grass type, refer to the NC State TurfFiles maintenance calendars. A dark bluish-gray color; footprints that remain some time after walking; and wilted, folded, or curled leaves are indications that it is time to water. Choose the grass that best meets your preference for color, density, and texture. It takes 640 gallons of water to apply 1 inch of water per 1,000 sq ft. Because clay soils accept water slowly, water should be measured to prevent wasteful runoff. Remove the topsoil (usually 4 to 8 inches) and stockpile it nearby if grading is needed. The North Carolina Native Plant Society encourages the creation of native plant … It is safe to use on new seeds and is designed to make new seed grow quicker and thicker. Take soil samples from the front yard and the backyard to determine soil pH and nutrient requirements. These are some of the major causes of turf deterioration: The problems that caused the lawn to deteriorate must be corrected before the renovation process begins. Attempts to upgrade existing lawns when conditions are not conducive to good growth are difficult at best. Slowly ease a lush, actively growing lawn into dormancy. During decomposition they release valuable nutrients. Warm-season lawns are best renovated in late spring to early summer. Excessive removal of turf leaves by close mowing. Centipedegrass is a slow growing, apple-green, coarsely leaved turfgrass that is best used as a low maintenance, general purpose turf. Soils that are subject to heavy traffic are prone to compaction. Allow several weeks for the results to be returned. Figure 3. Choose the best grass seed. To best use natural controls, it is important to develop a sound understanding of the biology and ecology of the lawn environment. Use the seeding rates as suggested for new establishment unless seeding into existing vegetation. They are better adapted to the mountains and piedmont. The chemical in a pesticide that controls the target pest. Rototill the recommended amount of fertilizer and lime, indicated by soil test results, or apply lime at 75 pounds per 1,000 sq ft and 10-10-10 fertilizer at 20 pounds per 1,000 sq ft to the area to be sprigged. Carpetgrass spreads by stolons. It is also sensitive to many commonly used herbicides. Based on the soil test report recommendations or the fertilization guidelines presented below, incorporate lime and fertilizer into the top 6 to 8 inches of the soil using a disk or rototiller. Use either a rotary (centrifugal) or reel (cylinder) mower. Soil temperatures in the fall are still warm, which promotes optimum seed germination, and cooler air temperatures are better for grass growth. This mixture may be used in shady sites rather than using fine fescues. Higher seeding rates can result in weak, thin stands that are more susceptible to disease and high temperature stress. commitment to diversity. Your decision should be based on region, climate, intended use or wear at the site, and desired appearance. Turf that has its optimum growth at temperatures between 80 and 95°F. It should never receive more than 4 pounds of nitrogen per 1,000 sq ft annually. As recommended above, it’s best to submit a soil sample for testing when establishing a new lawn to determine how much lime and fertilizer should be added to your soil. Early fall (late August to early October) is the best time to overseed your lawn. It is formulated to loosen up the soil to allow for better root growth. A blue certified tag indicates that the seed or plants have met certain standards to assure high quality and low levels of contaminants. In transition zone states, such as North Carolina or Arkansas, September is typically the best month for planting tall fescue seed. If the weather suddenly gets too hot, it could cause the young seedlings to burn up. A 6- to 12-inch spacing should be used for more rapid establishment, whereas using a wider spacing may delay fill for greater than one year. A complete fertilizer with an N-P-K ratio of 4:1:2 or 4:1:3 can be used in lieu of a soil test, but it is a poor substitute. If erosion during establishment may be an issue, mulch grass seed with weed-free small-grain straw or hay. Centipedegrass grows best with more acidic soil with a pH close to 5.5. Plugs should also be planted in late … Zoysia seed should be planted in late spring / early summer after soil temperatures are 70+ degrees (day time 80+ consistent) AND all danger of freeze / frost is past. Keep unnecessary traffic off the renovated lawn until it is well established. This will help conserve moisture, control erosion, and reduce surface crusting until establishment. 50 divided by 10 equals 5. See Table 3a, b, or c, depending on your region, to determine the amount of nitrogen fertilizer to apply and the time of application. Fill in low areas, and smooth the surface so clods are smaller than marbles. St. Augustinegrass is seldom established through broadcasting because the stems are too sensitive to mechanical damage. They grow from the crown of the plant… Seed in early spring, late summer or fall (spring plantings are at risk from hot and dry conditions over the summer). See the Establishing a New Lawn section for the method used to obtain a good soil sample. Kentucky bluegrass should be mowed at a height of 1.5 to 2.5 inches when planted alone. A sand or prepared soil mix applied to the turf to help smooth the surface, enhance establishment, and reduce thatch buildup. But because we can’t be certain, many people choose to avoid pesticides. Generally, late winter … Place plugs on either 6-inch or 12-inch centers, depending on the desired establishment speed. Herbicide that kills or injures all plants. Thatch may need to be removed every two to three years, but care should be taken because the recovery rate of these cultivars is very slow. However, good performance can be achieved with a rotary mower with sharp blades set as low as possible without scalping. Warm-season grasses are usually seeded or planted as a single variety (monoculture) rather than in blends and mixtures. Fescue grass (Festuca spp., hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 1 through 11) is a cool-season grass type. Get professional advice about the type of drain and installation. But because the leaves are stiff, mowing can be difficult unless the mower blades are sharp. Your grasses will enjoy a … Smaller areas tend to fill in naturally, provided the lawn grass is capable of spreading. This may reduce the need for fertilizer by 20 to 30 percent. Also, many companies offer materials for organic lawn care. Warm-season grasses are slow to green up in the spring, grow best in the summer, and go dormant after the first heavy frost. This labor-intensive method is best used for planting small areas. Once in place, stabilize the mulch by rolling or watering. Overseeding your lawn in North Carolina is a great way to get a thick healthy lawn and fill in bare spots, but it’s important to find just the right time of the year to do it. A comparative chart of principal lawn grasses used in each region is provided in Table 1. After the lawn has been mowed three times, remaining weeds may be controlled using the minimum label rate of a broadleaf herbicide. The low-maintenance grass covers over 1 million acres in the state, and is the grass … For best results, bermudagrass should be mowed often (at least twice per week), especially at the lower mowing heights. Fine fescues include creeping red, chewings, and hard fescue. If you have hard compacted soil, put down Love Your Soil when seeding. But bermudagrass is extremely drought tolerant, grows rapidly on any type of soil, and makes a good turf if fertilized and mowed low and often. The visual characteristics associated with a given disease. commitment to diversity. When seed is put down in early spring (March to mid-June), it won’t germinate until the soil temperature is consistently 55 degrees. A single soil test may be all that is necessary if there are no obvious differences in soil texture, terrain, or troubled areas of the front yard and backyard. 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