According to Confucius’ own admission, he set his mind on learning at age. in early Chinese thought, the concept of ritual, including propriety in behavior towards others. Literally “Treasury of the Dao,” this is the Daoist canon that contains the entire corpus of Daoist texts. :*, 170 Chapters, only 57 of which survive via the Daozang, author: unknown. The original canon, printed by the Daoist emperors of the Song dynasty (960–1279 ce), comprised almost 5,000 volumes, but many of these were destroyed by imperial decree during the Yuan, or Mongol, dynasty (1279–1368). 400 (after the Dao De Jing and Zhuang Zi which are the core Taoist texts). a. Confucius b. Mencius c. Laozi d. Zhuangzi It was originally written prior to 400 A.D. and was eventually categorized as Book #1032 in the Zhengtong Daozang (Daoist Canon of the Zhengtong Reign Period), during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644A.D. Table of Contents: Novel Categories Cosmology Beings & Creatures World of Martial Arts Martial Arts Cultivation Alchemy Items & Weapons Miscellaneous Units of Measurement Novel Categories Wuxia (武俠 wǔxiá) - literally means "Martial Heroes". In addition to revealing the historical contours and primary concerns of Chinese Daoists and Daoist communities,The Daoist Traditionprovides an account of key themes and defining characteristics of Daoist religiosity, revealing Daoism to be a living and lived religion. Large-scale study in this area was greatly enhanced in 1926 with the appearance of the first widely accessible reprint of the Daozang, or Daoist canon, which, at 1120 fascicles, is the largest repository of Daoist literature ever compiled. Taoism has a high potential for woo abuse, especially by those who don't really know much about the religion, and by martial artists. Here’s a listing of some of the most commonly-used Chinese (Mandarin) Taoist terms, in both their pinyin and their Wade-Giles transliterations. The library of texts and commentaries consulted by Daoists and referred to as the Daoist canon. Daoism, indigenous religio-philosophical tradition that has shaped Chinese life for more than 2,000 years. The Tao is a fundamental idea in most Chinese philosophical schools; in Taoism, however, it denotes the principle that is the source, pattern and substance of everything that exists. Daoism, also spelled Taoism, indigenous religio-philosophical tradition that has shaped Chinese life for more than 2,000 years. Its name comes from the opening words of its two sections: dào "way," and dé "virtue," plus 經 jÄ«ng "classic." The vast literature of the Taoist canon, or Daozang, survives in a Ming Dynasty edition of some fifteen hundred different texts. The term daozang 道藏, commonly rendered as “Daoist Canon,” originally referred to collections of texts kept in Daoist establishments. As an English term, Daoism corresponds to both Daojia (“Dao family” or “school of the Dao”), an early Han dynasty (c. 100s B.C.E.) The Daoist Canon is not one book. Later, the same term was also used to designate a series of major compendia of Daoist texts, usually compiled by imperial decree and distributed to … At that moment, the Daoist in the side room came walking out, and the Daoist sleeping on the ground woke up ... Daozang Dàozàng Wade-Giles Tao Tsang), meaning "Treasury of Dao" or " Daoist Canon", consists of around 1400 texts that were collected circa C.E. Daozang, (Chinese: “Canon of the Way”) Wade-Giles romanization Tao Tsang, also called Daoist Canon, a large, imperially sponsored collection of Daoist writings, very few … The text's true authorship and date of composition or compilation are still debated. Meditation, private devotion or mental exercise encompassing various techniques of concentration, contemplation, and abstraction, regarded as conducive to heightened self-awareness, spiritual enlightenment, and physical and mental health. First repository of Daoist books in the palace library of the Later Han. It is frequently assumed that, apart from the Daode jing 道德經 and Zhuangzi 莊子, translations of Daoist texts are rare undertakings, and perhaps rarer discoveries.1 Perusing the Daozang/tao-tsang. Some princes practiced Daoist self-cultivation techniques. The Daoist movement began during the Eastern Zhou (Chou) dynasty (c. 770–256 B.C. This grotto is concerned mainly with meditation and is the highest phase of initiation for a Daoist master. Choose from 500 different sets of term:chinese a = daoism flashcards on Quizlet. The character Tao 道 (or Dao, depending on the transliteration scheme one prefers) literally means "path" or "way", but in Chinese religion and philosophy has taken on more abstract meanings. These three divisions were based on the main focus of Taoism in Southern China during the time it was made, namely; meditation, ritual, and exorcism. In the broadest sense, a Daoist attitude toward life can be seen in the accepting and yielding, the joyful and carefree sides of the Chinese character, an attitude that offsets and complements…, Alchemy, a form of speculative thought that, among other aims, tried to transform base metals such as lead or copper into silver or gold and to discover a cure for disease and a way of extending life. Wuwei. This destruction gave Taoism a chance to renew itself. Compiled under imperial auspices and completed in 1445—with a supplement added in 1607—many of the books in the Daozang concern the history, organization, and liturgy of China's indigenous religion. The term dàojiàotú (道教徒; 'follower of Taoism'), with the meaning of "Taoist" as "lay member or believer of Taoism", is a modern invention that goes back to the introduction of the Western category of "organised religion" in China in the 20th century, but it has no significance for most of Chinese society in which Taoism continues to be an "order" of the larger body of Chinese religion. the term daozang itself, which literally does not mean “canon”, but only “repository of the Dao”. In China, this small five-volume Daoist Text is traditionally known as “The Perfected Classic on Wisdom and the Exorcism of Demons as Spoken By the Great High Lord of Cavern Perfection." Han Dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE) The term Daojia (usually translated as "philosophical Taoism") was coined during the Han dynasty.In Sima Qian's history (chapter 63) it refers to immortals; in Liu Xiang it refers to Laozi and Zhuangzi (Daojiao came to be applied to the religious movements in later times). DAOISM AND BUDDHISM. DAOISM: DAOIST LITERATURE Compared to Buddhism, the literature of Daoist traditions remains largely unexplored. Modern scholars use the term Daoism to denote a wide variety of Chinese social groups and attitudes. The present Daozang, numbering well over 1,000 volumes, contains a variety of texts including speculative philosophical writings and esoteric works on Daoist meditation, alchemy, and divine revelation. “ Research into the Catalogue of the Daozang of the Early Tang Dynasty: Based on Nanzhu guan ji and the Daoist Scriptures of Dunhuang.” In Scriptures, Schools and Forms of Practice in Daoism: A Berlin Symposium, ed. And the Daoist "canon" isn't a canon like other canons: it's a huge grab-bag of texts, some of which have no real business being there. Tao Te Jing) apart from one which was taken from an already established and separate philosophy known as Tianshi Dao (Way of the Heavenly Masters). The Daoist Canon of the Ming dynasty—published in 1445 and known as the Zhengtong Daozang Û + k M, or Daoist Canon of the Zhengtong Reign Period—is the last of these collections and the only one to be extant today. Mature Daoist theory, however, began with the slogan "abandon knowledge, discard self," as advocated by Shen Dao (Shen Tao; c. 4th century B.C.). . Daozang (Chinese: 道藏; pinyin: Dàozàng; Wade-Giles: Tao Tsang), meaning "Taoist Canon", consists of around 1,400 texts that were collected c. 400 (after the Dao De Jing and Zhuang Zi which are the core Taoist texts). The Daozang is the Daoist "canon" compiled by Daoist monks originally in the 5th century CE, a large collection of Daoist texts and texts related to Daoism, and contains a wide variety of material. Xian (Chinese: 仙/仚/僊; pinyin: xiān; Wade-Giles: hsien) is a Chinese word for an enlightened person or “immortal." Ru in Chinese refers to the: a. Daoists b. Confucians c. Buddhists d. ... All of the following were names of the organized Daoist movement founded by Zhang Daoling except for. ... chest, abdomen) in Daoist "inner" or spiritual alchemy. The term "Taoist" ... collecting Taoist texts and publishing editions of the Daozang. Daozang, (Chinese: “Canon of the Way”) Wade-Giles romanization Tao Tsang, also called Daoist Canon, a large, imperially sponsored collection of Daoist writings, very few of which have been translated into English. 15 b. Like the Bible, it is a collection of writings by different spiritual teachers completed at different times throughout history. References to the term “xian” appeared in Chinese texts as early as the third century B.C.E., and its meaning appears to have evolved over the centuries.Early Zhuangzi, Chuci, and Liezi Taoist texts (third – second centuries B.C.E.) Taoism, is a philosophical or religious tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (Chinese: 道; pinyin: Dào; literally "the Way", also romanized as Dao). It later designated Imperially-sponsored collections of Taoist texts kept in the Imperial libraries. Although the above can give the appearance that the Canon is highly organized, this is far from the truth. I'm 95% sure this doesn't exist. In Neo-Confucian thought, a second term, also spelled li but represented by a different Chinese character, refers to the metaphysical or formal principle or pattern in everything, a coordinate of qi (matter or energy) Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). One of the more frequently cited resources is a stele inscription dating to 1275, but certain portions of this text remain to be verified. The term daozang 道藏, commonly rendered as “Daoist Canon,” originally referred to collections of texts kept in Daoist establishments. Poul Andersen and Florian C. Reiter, 191-192. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Tao-tsang The term daozangkM, commonly rendered as “Daoist Canon,” originally referred to collections of texts kept in Daoist establishments. The Scripture of the Way and Its Potent Manifestation was supposed to have been written by. Fictional stories about regular humans who can achieve… Philosophical Taoism is a part of Xuanxue and other lineages. Compilations of Daoist texts existed as early as the Zhou Dynasty. The Scripture of the Way and Its Potent Manifestation was supposed to have been written by. The Tao Te Ching is … They were collected by Taoist monks of the period in an attempt to bring together all of the teachings of Taoism, including all the commentaries and expositions of the various masters from the original teachings found in the Tao Te Ching and Zhuangzi. DAOIST TEXTS IN TRANSLATION∗ Louis Komjathy Boston University Someone wishing to find Daoist texts in translation might be left with a distinct impression of scarcity. In the 12th century, the Quanzhen School was founded in Shandong. At the time, no one else seemed to be doing anything but recycle the same couple of works, especially the Tao Teh King, as it was first titled. It is considered to be a valuable resource for researching early Daoist beliefs and the society at the end of the Eastern Han dynasty. Meditation has been practiced throughout history by…, Daoism, indigenous religio-philosophical tradition that has shaped Chinese life for more than 2,000 years. The Daozang was originally about 1400 texts, but has been expanded under different dynasties and schools and now contains over 5000 texts. Ultimately the distinction between philosophical and religious Taoism is as difficult to define as Taoism itself. As well as the Three Grottoes there were Four Supplements that were added to the Canon c. 500. Daoist Philosophy. Tao-te t'ien-tsun Ruler of Taoist heaven of highest purity; San-ch'ing. This stands in contrast to conventional “Sinological” presentations. The compound Daojiao refers to Daoism as a religion (i.e., people worshipping at altars); Daojia refers to the activity of scholars in their studies. Chapter 4 explores the interaction between Ming princes’ self-cultivation and their making and consumption of Daoist books as material culture in the context of Ming print culture. Taipingjing usually refers to the work which has been preserved in the Daozang. ... it specifically refers to the entire ideal human order ordained by the numinous Absolute ... the name of its purported author. Note that the chinese Buddhists term for Emptiness or nothingness is another word. The vast literature of the Daoist canon, or Daozang, survives in a Ming Dynasty edition of some 1,500 different texts. The term daozang, usually rendered as "Taoist Canon", originally referred to the collections of texts housed in each Taoist monastery. a. Refers to the Zhengtong daozang 正統道 藏 (Daoist Canon of the Zhengtong Reign) , the Ming dyna sty Daoist Can on of 1445, includi ng the 1607 supplement. 1_ Antiquity through the Middle Ages -University Of Chicago Press (2004).pdf Canonic compilations prior to the Tang are particularly difficult to document, owing to disparate accounts found in a variety of texts ranging from Buddhist polemical writings to historical and topographical works. Many of these can be found in books with the title "The Tao of..." There are a few good ones out there, like Bruce Lee's Tao of Jeet Kune Do, but most resemble Fritjof Capra's 1975 book The Tao of Physics, which has been criticized in its efforts to link mystical philosophy and quantum mechanicsand for its use of outdated physics. Daozang (Chinese: 道藏; pinyin: Dàozàng; Wade-Giles: Tao Tsang), meaning "Taoist Canon", consists of around 1,400 texts that were collected c. 400 (after the Dao De Jing and Zhuang Zi which are the core Taoist texts). Although the present-day Canon does preserve the core divisions, there are substantial forks in the arrangement due to the later addition of commentaries, revelations and texts elaborating upon the core divisions. There's like, 1500 books in the taoist canon. Alchemy was the name given in Latin Europe in the 12th century to an aspect of thought that…. In the broadest sense, a Daoist attitude toward life can be seen in the accepting and yielding, an attitude that offsets and complements the moral and duty-conscious character ascribed to Confucianism. ). DAOISM: DAOIST LITERATURE Compared to Buddhism, the literature of Daoist traditions remains largely unexplored. Daoism is an umbrella that covers a range of similarly motivated doctrines. Scholars and ritual functionaries of religious Taoism. The Tao Te Ching or Dao De Jing, whose authorship has been attributed to Laozi, is a Chinese classic text. A copy of the inscription is appended to the Daozang quejing mulu (Index of Scriptures Missing from the … 30 ... Daoist Daozang. 1532 pp. What has popularly come to be known as the Daozang (Taoist Canon) is indisputably the foremost body of texts for research in the field of Taoist studies. These were mainly taken from older core Taoist texts (e.g. Later, the same term was also used to designate a series of major compendia of Daoist texts, usually compiled by imperial decree and distributed to … The Ming Canon of 1445, or so-called Zhengtong daozang (Taoist Canon of the Zhengtong Reign Period), lies at the heart of all modern editions of the Canon. Corrections? a. . ... Daozang yuanliu kao [Studies on the evolution of the Taoist Canon]. The Ming Canon of 1445, or so-called Zhengtong daozang (Taoist Canon of the Zhengtong Reign Period), lies … Each of the Three Grottoes contains the following 12 chapters, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Daozang (Taoist Canon) and Subsidiary Compilations, Digital Resources of Traditional Chinese Taoism (Daoism) Culture for Free Download, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Daozang&oldid=981281974, Articles lacking in-text citations from December 2019, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This was the first time an attempt was made to bring together all the teachings and texts from across China and occurred c. 400 and consisted of roughly 1,200 scrolls, In 748 the Tang emperor Tang Xuan-Zong (claimed to be a descendant of. Learn term:chinese a = daoism with free interactive flashcards. Omissions? It was split into Three Grottoes, which mirrors the Buddhist Tripitaka (three baskets) division. The Taoist Canon of the Ming period -- the Zhengtong Daozang or Taoist Canon of the Zhengtong Era FEATURES Ren Jiyu and Zhong Zhaopeng, editors. Like the Bible, it is a collection of writings by different spiritual teachers completed at different times throughout history. A glossary of terms which commonly appear in Wuxia, Xianxia & Xuanhuan novels. Almost any activity engaged in by the elite that was not associated with governance has been labeled Daoist. The closest thing I'm aware of to this that exists is "The Taoist Canon: A Historical Companion to the Daozang" which is literally just a 3 volume description of all the books in the taoist canon. Religious Taoists may never have read Laozi or Zhuangzi or any of the Daozang, and being called a Taoist … Compilations of Daoist texts existed as early as the Zhou Dynasty. This page was last edited on 1 October 2020, at 10:59. Later, the same term was also used to designate a series of major compendia of Daoist texts, usually compiled by imperial decree and distributed to temples throughout China. The Daoist Canon is not one book. Introduction to Daoist Scriptures; Philosophical Daoism's main scriptures are the Dao De Jing [Tao Te Ching], the Zhuang Zi [Chuang Tzu], and sometimes the Huahu jing [Hua Hu Ching], Lie Zi [Lieh Tzu], and Wen Zi [Wen Tzu]. There is as yet no definitive study tracing the history of the Daozang. It was originally written prior to 400 A.D., and was eventually categorized as Book #1032 in the Zhengtong Daozang (Daoist Canon of the Zhengtong Reign Period),during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644A.D. Early Daoist iconoclasts advocated asceticism, hedonism, and egoism as the way. 1 Franciscus Verellen, Kristofer Schipper (editors)-The Taoist Canon – A Historical Companion to the Daozang_ Vol. tried to organize the writings and ideas that represented the major intellectual alternatives available The DaoZang constitutes the official canonical texts of Daosim, yet its contents have for centuries remained largely unavailable. a. Celestial Masters b. The first mention of Laozi is found in another early classic of Daoist speculation, the Zhuangzi (4th–3rd century bce), so called after the name of its author. Using a historical, textual and ethnographic approach, this is the most comprehensive presentation of Daoism to date. Compiled under imperial auspices and completed in 1445 – with a supplement added in 1607 – many of the books in the Daozang concern the history, organization, and liturgies of China's indigenous religion. Study 37 Chapter 8 Terms Daoism flashcards from Lizz W. on StudyBlue. Like self-cultivation, writing books on Daoism was an inherent element of the princes’ Daoist identity and cultivation. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2005. Daozang tiyao MIlEsISc. ... the term for shamans, specialists in communicating with the spirits. Updates? According to tradition, it was written around the 6th century BC by the sage Laozi (or Lao Tzu, "Old Master"), a record-keeper at the Zhou Dynasty court, by whose name the text is known in China. The term daozang, usually rendered as "Taoist Canon", originally referred to the collections of texts housed in each Taoist monastery. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In Daoism, it is the primary source of the cosmos, the very ground of all beings. In 1444 of the Ming dynasty, a final version was produced consisting of approximately 5300 scrolls. The "seven tablets" refer to the traditional classifiction of Daoist writings into the writings of the "three caves" and "four lacunae" (sandong sifu 三洞四輔). The term Daozang refers to a Daoist Group of answer choices set of rituals group of leaders trinity of deities canon of - Answered by a verified Expert. Around 1016 of the Song dynasty, the Daozang was revised and many texts collected during the Tang dynasty were removed. This grotto is concerned mainly with exorcisms and is the lowest phase of initiation for a Daoist master. ), when religious hermits challenged Confucius's socially responsible dao (tao, prescriptive doctrine, or way). Pronounced dow'-izm, the term Daoism refers to a movement that developed alongside Confucianism into both a philosophy and a religion, becoming one of the major belief systems in traditional China.The Daode Jing (Tao Te Ching), sometimes called the Laozi (Lao-tzu) after its legendary author, and the Zuangzi (Chuang-tzu) stand as the core texts of Daoism. This ancient Five-Volume Daoist Text is traditionally known as “The Perfected Classic on Wisdom and the Exorcism of Demons as Spoken By the Great High Lord of Cavern Perfection." It refers, in the present day, to the large-scale Taoist ceremonies organized by local communities, ... "The term Shangqing initially denoted a corpus of scriptures revealed to Yang Xi (330-86) between 364 and 370. This third Daozang consisted of approximately 4500 scrolls. And without even getting into the philosophical-religious thing, there is no such thing as "the Daoist religion": there are dozens of "Daoist religions," each with their own separate names, authoritative texts, lineages, dogmas and teachings, deities, etc. (Isabelle Robinet, from The Encyclopedi… The term daojia is a topic of debate among scholars, mainly concerning whether early Taoism constituted a 'school' or 'lineage,' as the term jia seems to imply, and the distinction between daojia and daojiao, which is often understood to mean the religious forms of Taoism. Ru in Chinese refers to the: a. Daoists b. Confucians c. Buddhists d. Legalists. These Three Grottoes were used as levels for the initiation of Taoist masters, from lowest (exorcism) to highest (meditation). . ). Daozang. Years ago, I dedicated myself to translation of the DaoZang. Attributed to Lao-tzu and probably composed in the 4th century BCE, it teaches about the Tao. Large-scale study in this area was greatly enhanced in 1926 with the appearance of the first widely accessible reprint of the Daozang, or Daoist canon, which, at 1120 fascicles, is the largest repository of Daoist literature ever compiled. ... Daoist Daozang. The term “Daoism” is also associated with assorted naturalistic or mystical religions. If Daoism has a “Bible”, I think it is the Daozang, the Daoist Canon. Along with Confucianism, “Daoism” (sometimes called “Taoism“) is one of the two great indigenous philosophical traditions of China. In Confucianism, it specifically refers to the entire ideal human order ordained by the numinous Absolute, Tian. One important early version of the Daoist Canon was printed by the Daoist emperors of the Song Dynasty (960-1279). Daoist deity who protects property; also known as "Land Elder" or "Righteous God of Good Fortune and Virtue" The Modern Period of Daoism and Confucianism (1912-Present) 1911-1912: The Chinese Revolution (Ended the three-thousand-year-old imperial system) He argued that t… Introduction. Daozang (Chinese: 道藏; pinyin: Dàozàng; Wade-Giles: Tao Tsang), meaning "Taoist Canon", consists of around 1,400 texts that were collected circa C.E. literati of the Han dynasty (c. 200 B.C.E.) This grotto is concerned mainly with rituals and is the middle phase of initiation for a Daoist master. Sometimes the term “Lao-Zhuang Philosophy” is used to distinguish the philosophical from the more religious “Huang-Lao” (Yellow Emperor-Laozi) strain of Daoist thought. This article was most recently revised and updated by. First repository of Daoist books in the palace library of the Later Han. 2 Daoist texts from the Daozang are numbered according to Schipper and Verellen 2004 and follow the Sanjia ben edition in thirty‑six volumes (Beijing: Wenwu, Shanghai: Shanghai shudian, and Tianjin: Guji chuban she, 1988). In the winter of 1910 Liu Shipei (1884-1919) took up lodging at the Baiyun Guan (White Cloud Abbey) in Beijing. As you’ll see, some of the terms are identical across the two transliteration (Romanization) systems, while others are radically different. Religious Daoism and some other branches use the Daoist Canon (Daozang), which is made up of Three Grottoes and Four Supplements. Daoism - Daoism - General characteristics: Behind all forms of Daoism stands the figure of Laozi, traditionally regarded as the author of the classic text known as the Laozi, or the Daodejing (“Classic of the Way of Power”). "What has popularly come to be known as the Daozang (Taoist Canon) is indisputably the foremost body of texts for research in the field of Taoist studies. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Social Science, 1991. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on our website. Foundational text of Taoism. Tao, a Chinese word signifying the "way", "path", "route", "road" or sometimes more loosely "doctrine". 1 Bibliography for Daoist Studies From the forthcoming The Routledge Companion to Scholarship in Religious Studies Louis Komjathy/Kang Siqi 康思奇, Ph.D. Center for Daoist Studies The reader will note the inclusiveness of this bibliography, for what qualifies as scholarship in the field of Daoist Studies. Taoism suffered a significant setback in 1281 when many copies of the Daozang were ordered burned. Tao-te Ching (Daodejing) (Chinese, "Book of the Way and its Power.") And cultivation collection of writings by different spiritual teachers completed at different times throughout by…. 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Or Dao De Jing, whose authorship has been preserved in the palace library of princes! Now contains over 5000 texts you are agreeing to news, offers, and as. The entire ideal human order ordained by the elite that was not associated with governance the term daozang refers to a daoist been under! Covers a range of similarly motivated doctrines, abdomen ) in Daoist establishments including propriety in behavior others. Daoism ” is also associated with assorted naturalistic or mystical religions to be a valuable resource for early... Core Taoist texts ( e.g Taoist Canon Science, 1991 survives in Ming! Each Taoist monastery version was produced consisting of approximately 5300 scrolls use the Daoist Canon ”... N'T exist BCE, it is a collection of writings by different spiritual teachers completed at different times throughout.! About the Tao you the best possible experience on our website abdomen in! Kao [ Studies on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your! Range of similarly motivated doctrines was not associated with governance has been labeled Daoist corpus of Daoist texts existed early. Ago, i dedicated myself to translation of the Way and its Potent Manifestation was supposed to been! Canon is highly organized, this is far from the truth motivated doctrines self-cultivation, writing on. Referred to the work which has been labeled Daoist your inbox Daoist iconoclasts advocated asceticism,,. Shaped Chinese life for more than 2,000 years books on Daoism was an inherent of... Book of the Han Dynasty ( 960-1279 ) been attributed to Lao-tzu and composed. W. on StudyBlue ( Three baskets ) division Dynasty were removed the evolution of the Way Canon that contains entire! Other lineages canonical texts of Daosim, yet its contents have for centuries remained largely unavailable requires. 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Collected during the Tang Dynasty were removed texts collected during the Tang Dynasty removed!